- In 1914 the National Guard for Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming,
Missouri and Colorado comprised the 14th Military District designed
to form a single tactical division in the event of deployment
for war. Nebraska would furnish Infantry Regiments 3 and 4 with
Broken Bow being Company I, 4th Infantry Regiment. At that time
a Regiment was formed as a Headquarters and Band, with Companies
designated A through M.
- This is Camp Funston Kansas in 1918, filled with
Guard units training for deployment in the Great War.
- In the war with Spain in 1898, the Nebraska Guard supplied
3 regiments one to the Phillipeans, one to Cuba and one to Georgia
as a stategic reserve. All units took significant casualties
to disease. In 1904 it was still 3 regiments strong, nearly 2000
men and an officer corps of 116. At this time the only Federal
troops in Nebraska were garrisoned in Ft Valentine and Ft Robinson
for indian control and at Ft Crook near Omaha. The last significant
Souix uprising was in 1891 and required the Nebraska Guard to
- Notice the intensity of training shown in this picture below
from the 1908 Nebraska Guard camp at Ashland, where the farm
boys practice shooting on the range. I would guess from looking
at the picture, this platoon of men only had one working rifle
to train with. It is likely that the old black powder Civil War
design single shot M1888 is what the Guard used in the war with
Spain. The 5-shot Springfield M1906 that would fight in the Great
War had just gone into production. When I started ROTC in 1966,
we were still training with 1906 Springfield rifles, the same
as in the photo!
- The Springfield rifle was essentially a copy of the German
Mauser 1893 model, so much so that the US eventually paid a patent
claim to Germany for the 1 million rifles made to defeat them.
However, Germany made its machine guns under license from Hiram
Maxim and they had to pay patent fees to England for the privilage
of using them with great effect against her troops.